The design and right-of-way acquisition for the entire project will begin in Summer 2017, with construction of Peters Creek Parkway in Fall 2017. Intersection improvements at Peters Creek Parkway and Academy Street and the widening of MLK Jr. Drive/Eighth Street between Marshall and Trade Streets will begin in Summer 2018.
Only AFTER Peters Creek Parkway and these local improvements are completed will Business 40 close for approximately 20 months. This is less that the 2 years required by NCDOT!
Click here to see the Construction Segment map (scroll to bottom of page) for location and dates. Also, the overall project timeline can be viewed here.
The Design-Build team is in the process of developing the design and will move into phases that include purchasing the right of way, obtaining the proper permitting, coordinating the utility relocations and building the project.
"Design-Build" means the design and construction are under a single contract and can take place at the same time. Allowing the design and construction to overlap expedites construction, enhances innovation and constructability and may reduce costs.
The "new" Business 40 will include a lot of improvements, including all new pavement, improved ramps, new shoulders, a complete reconstruction of the Peters Creek Parkway interchange and a new interchange configuration at Cherry and Marshall streets.
The improvements noted below can be viewed on the Business 40 project map:
- Replacement of Fourth Street bridge
- Replacement and widening Peters Creek Parkway bridge
- Removal of the eastbound slip ramp on Peters Creek Parkway
- Connected Gregory and Apple streets
- Replacement of the Green Street bridge with a pedestrian bridge
- Removal of the Broad Street ramps
- Modified High Street ramp
- Removal of the Spruce Street bridge
- Modified interchange ramps at Cherry and Marshall streets
- Construction of Liberty Street bridge over Business 40
- Construction of The Strollway over Business 40
- Replacement of Broad, Marshall, Cherry, Main and Church Street bridges
- Removal of access to Liberty Street
- Modified interchange ramps at Main Street
- Replacement of Brookstown bridge on Business 40
Yes. Over the past few years, the N.C. Department of Transportation has worked closely with a community-based bridge and design working group to provide input on how to improve the aesthetic appearance of the Business 40 bridges, interchanges and related roadway infrastructure.
The working group focused on bridge design elements (rails, lighting, retaining walls, sidewalks, overall look, etc.) and the Green Street pedestrian bridge. The group finalized its work in October 2014 by producing a series of design preferences to be considered in the aesthetic design of the project.
Parallel to the working group process, the Creative Corridors Coalition (C3), a private nonprofit citizens group, developed its own master plan and design guidelines for several infrastructure projects, including Business 40, to include artistic design elements. The City of Winston-Salem –noticing differences between the C3 guidelines and the working group design preferences – procured the services of Stimmel & Associates to meld the two visions with NCDOT design requirements into a cohesive plan of aesthetic improvements.
The elements of the cohesive plan were presented in May 2015.
C3 furthered its efforts in March 2015 by hiring consultants to provide alternative designs for the Peters Creek Parkway bridge, Green Street pedestrian bridge and Strollway bridge.
Stimmel & Associates incorporated the new C3 designs within the cohesive plan, and the Winston-Salem City Council approved a final aesthetics plan for the Business 40 improvements project in fall 2015.
Prior to any work on Business 40, other projects will be completed, including the Salem Creek Connector at U.S. 52 and the new Winston-Salem Signal System – the latter of which will help improve traffic flow during construction and closure. (View the Design-Build team phase map.)
Traffic that is just passing through Winston-Salem will be encouraged to divert to I-40.
Other traffic (i.e., daily commuter) traveling into and out of downtown will be diverted to local primary and secondary roads in and around downtown.
The Design-Build team will provide closure and detour information to the traveling public before the highway shuts down. Real-time closure information will be available on the Waze app, available for both iOS and Android mobile devices.
The N.C. Department of Transportation will place portable (movable) signs on I-40 and other major roads during construction to direct drivers to alternate routes should an incident occurs or a special situation arises during the day.
New, permanent signs will also be placed at exits along Business 40 directing drivers along the best route to major destinations.
Further, in coordination with the City of Winston-Salem and Downtown Winston-Salem Partnership, additional "wayfinding" signs will be located throughout downtown to identify the location of government facilities, popular destinations and attractions after the Business 40 project is completed.
Winston-Salem is open for business during the life of this project. Transportation officials have been in continuous coordination and discussion with major stakeholders that will be greatly affected by the closure, including Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem Transit Authority and Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools, among others.
The N.C. Department of Transportation will do everything possible to minimize impacts to their operations, including giving them as much lead time as possible to make route changes to their emergency vehicles and buses
NCDOT, however, cannot ensure that commutes will remain the same due to the nature of construction. Therefore, commuters (employees and patrons) should allow extra time to reach their destinations.
NCDOT will do whatever is needed to make the construction and closure go as smoothly as possible for those that visit as well as work in the downtown area.
The N.C. Department of Transportation and the Design-Build team are partnering with law enforcement to implement an "Incident Management Plan" that will identify "how" wrecks are handled during construction.
This will include everything from portable signage to coordination with police, fire and towing companies working together to expedite removal of vehicles involved in a wreck.
NCDOT also made sure that no other roadway projects that would affect the Business 40 improvements project are scheduled for major construction during the construction timeframe for this project.
The Design-Build team estimates that the project will be completed in late 2020.
The N.C. Department of Transportation and the Federal Highway Administration are the lead agencies responsible for implementing the project, but the City of Winston-Salem has a significant role as a local government.
Because most of the downtown roads are city-owned, the City has a direct role in their design. It has allowed funds to provide design "enhancements" to various elements of the project, including the bridges, multi-use path, retaining walls and road treatments.
The City may also implement temporary traffic-calming measures on several downtown streets during the closure to ensure pedestrian safety. It is also considering converting some one-way street pairs into two-way streets after the Business 40 project is complete.
Coordination with the City has and will continue to be ongoing throughout the life of the project.
The base cost of the project is approximately $99 million – with 80 percent paid with federal funding and the state paying the remaining 20 percent of the project cost. The N.C. Department of Transportation will fund the base project, and the City of Winston-Salem will fund the design enhancements using several funding sources and contributions.
The Business 40 website is the best place for detailed project information. Information will also be distributed via an email newsletter.
For specific questions, send an email to email@example.com.
Small-business owners should call Business 40 liaison Cassandra Herndon, at (336) 747-7833, or send her an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Mid to large-size businesses should call Karen Simon, at (336) 749-1411, or send her an email at email@example.com to schedule a presentation about the project.
Stakeholder meetings are ongoing and scheduled with those affected by, involved in or interested in the project. Stakeholders typically include property or business owners, business or homeowners associations, special interest groups, religious organizations, neighborhood associations, police/fire personnel and others, as appropriate.
A Business 40 team member will contact the stakeholder group and schedule a meeting to present an update on the project.
In August 2016, the Design-Build (D-B) Team of Flatiron/Blythe Development and HDR were hired to finish the final design and construct the 1.2-mile section of Business 40, which includes:
- Reconstruction of the roadway, 9 vehicular bridges and 2 pedestrian bridges;
- Build portions of a Multi-Use Path from Lockland Avenue to Liberty Street;
- Begin construction with Peters Creek Parkway interchange in Fall 2017;
- Close Business 40 from Peters Creek Parkway to US 52 to work on the remaining project.
Click here to read the press release on the hiring of the D-B Team.
Prior to actual construction, the D-B Team will complete the design for the project and conduct soil testing, preliminary utility relocation and water/sewer work. If any of these efforts will impact drivers, message boards and/or signs will be posted in advance. Also during this time, the D-B Team is preparing a Transportation Management Plan (TMP), which will provide details about how the roads and bridges will be constructed, phased, scheduled and re-opened to traffic, as well as how existing traffic will be “managed” during construction. The TMP will provide the date/length of closures and detour routes.
Yes. The entire project will be constructed in four construction segments, from A-D, but not necessarily in that order. Click here to see the Construction Segment Map (scroll to bottom of page) for location and dates. Read below for a summary of each segment, and click on each segment for detailed information:
Segment A, Peters Creek Parkway interchange (Fall 2017 – Fall 2018)
- Replace Fourth Street Bridge.
- Replace and widen Peters Creek Parkway Bridge.
- Widen and enhance the ramps at the Peters Creek Parkway interchange.
- Provide traffic signals at ramp entrances/exits.
- Widen Peters Creek Parkway from the interchange at Business 40 to First Street (6-lane road and 7-lane bridge).
- Connect Gregory and Apple Streets.
- Reconstruct the grade and replace the pavement on Business 40.
- Peters Creek Parkway will remain partially open during Segment A construction.
Segment B, West of Green Street to East of Cherry Street (Fall 2019 – Summer 2020)
- Close Business 40 from Peters Creek Parkway to U.S. 52.
- Construct a pedestrian bridge on Green Street over Business 40.
- Replace Broad Street Bridge and remove ramps to/from Business 40.
- Shorten the bridge on Business 40 over Brookstown Avenue (note that Brookstown Avenue will continue to go under Business 40).
- Modify High Street ramp.
- Remove Spruce Street Bridge.
- Replace the Marshall and Cherry Street bridges and modify ramps to create a new interchange using both streets.
- Reconstruct the grade and replace the pavement on Business 40.
Segment C, West of The Strollway to East of Church Street (Fall 2018 – Fall 2019
- Keep Business 40 closed from Peters Creek Parkway to U.S. 52.
- Construct a Pedestrian Land Bridge (The Strollway) over Business 40.
- Replace Liberty, Main and Church Street bridges and modify ramps on Main and Church Streets while removing ramps on Liberty Street.
- Construct Liberty Street Bridge over Business 40 (currently goes under).
- Reconstruct the grade and replace the pavement on Business 40
- Once this segment is complete, Business 40 will reopen to traffic from Main Street east to US 52.
Segment D, MLK Jr. Drive/Eighth Street and Academy Street (Summer 2018 – Fall 2018)
- Widen Martin Luther King Jr. Drive / Eighth Street between Marshall and Trade streets.
- Improve the intersection at Peters Creek Parkway and Academy Street.
- Build temporary improvements at various intersections in downtown to better handle detoured traffic (mostly left turn lanes).
- Conduct limited work on Business 40 to prepare for its closure.
The closure of Segments B and C for the 20+ months allows the D-B Team to construct/reconstruct drainage facilities and utilities, remove the existing pavement, re-grade the roadway for the new pavement, construct the all the new retaining walls and replace the existing bridges in the shortest time possible. Allowing Segment B to remain open would mean no work could occur in Segment B, which would add a significant amount of time to the construction schedule thus requiring a longer full closure.
Also noteworthy is that once Segment C is complete in Fall 2019, Business 40 will reopen to traffic from Main Street east to US 52. The remaining section of Business 40 will not re-open until Summer 2020. Click here to view a graphic of the closure dates.
The "new" Business 40 will incorporate many improvements, including all new pavement, improved ramps, new shoulders, a complete reconstruction of Peters Creek Parkway interchange and a new interchange configuration at Cherry and Marshall Streets. All improvements are shown on the new Business 40 map (scroll to bottom of page) and on this video, with the details noted below:
- Replacement of 4th Street bridge
- Replace and widen Peters Creek Parkway Bridge
- Remove Eastbound slip ramp on Peters Creek Parkway
- Connect Gregory and Apple Streets
- Replace Green Street Bridge with a pedestrian bridge
- Remove Broad Street ramps
- Remove Spruce Street Bridge
- Modify interchange ramps at Cherry/Marshall Streets
- Construct Liberty Street Bridge over Business 40
- Construct The Strollway Pedestrian Bridge over Business 40 and relocate existing sections of The Strollway impacted by the project
- Replace Broad, Marshall, Cherry, Main, and Church Street bridges
- Remove access to Liberty Street
- Modify interchange ramps at Main Street
A total of 11 bridges will be replaced, with one bridge being eliminated (Spruce Street Bridge), as follows:
- Peters Creek Parkway – will be completely reconstructed to operate as a full interchange when completed.
- Green Street Bridge – will be constructed as a pedestrian bridge, as well as carry the City’s utilities.
- 4th Street, Broad Street, Marshall Street, Cherry Street, Liberty Street, Main Street and Church Street bridges will be replaced. The new Liberty Street Bridge will go OVER Business 40 rather than UNDER Business 40 as it currently does.
- Spruce Street Bridge will be removed, with Spruce Street ending at a cul-de-sac just north of Business 40.
- A new shorter bridge on Business 40 will be constructed over Brookstown Avenue.
- A new Strollway Pedestrian Bridge will be constructed OVER Business 40.
It is proposed that the bridges will reopen after they are completed. However, there will be one exception in Segment C. After Segment C is completed in the Fall 2019, ONLY the section of Business 40 from Main Street to U.S. 52 will reopen. The remaining section of Business 40 (Peters Creek Parkway to Main Street) will reopen in Summer 2020.
Yes, due to the coordinated efforts of NCDOTs Bridge Design Working Group, the City of Winston Salem and Creative Corridors Coalition, all vehicular bridges will incorporate design features that showcase the architecture representative of our city’s heritage. Arched openings, brick features, colorful rails and accommodations for future artwork will be included in/on the bridges, retaining walls and noise walls.
The Green Street Pedestrian Bridge and The Strollway Land Bridge will also include significant design enhancements, including overhead arches, lighting and indigenous flora.
Click here to view the presentation that includes conceptual images of the various vehicular and pedestrian bridges along Business 40.
At this time, about half of the traffic passing through Winston-Salem will be detoured to I-40. The other traffic (i.e., daily commuter) traveling into and out of downtown will be diverted to local roads in and around downtown. Those routes will be identified by the D-B Team well in advance and noticed on message boards, via social media and news media. The Transportation Management Plan will also detail how traffic will be routed during construction.
In the meantime, drivers can get a sense of which roads will be available to use during construction by clicking here to view the Available Roads maps within the presentation. Take a look at the maps and select a few routes that you could use. Try them now to determine travel time, knowing that there will be more traffic on these roads, particularly during peak hours of the day, once construction begins. It’s never too early to prepare!
Also note that several intersections in the downtown area will be temporarily modified during Business 40 construction, primarily by adding a left turn lane. These temporary improvements (also shown in the presentation) will be evaluated after the Business 40 project is completed to determine if they will remain, or returned to their pre-project operations.
While there will not be a specific mobile app., NCDOT has developed a solid communications network with several navigational companies, including WAZE and HERE, to provide information on Business 40 construction, detours, closures, and major congestion due to incidents and/or construction zones. These companies provide information via mobile apps., as well as through the navigation systems that are found in vehicles.
NCDOT does not want to limit the public’s source(s) of information, nor be exclusive to, one navigational app., therefore, they are working with several companies to ensure concise and real time-sharing of information.
Yes. NCDOT will place portable (movable) signs on I-40 and other major roads during construction to direct drivers to alternate routes if an incident occurs or if a special situation arises during the day. New, permanent signs will also be placed at exits along Business 40 directing drivers along the best route to major destinations. Further, in coordination with the City and Downtown Winston Salem Partnership, additional “wayfinding” signs will be located throughout downtown to identify the location of government facilities, popular destinations and attractions after the Business 40 project is completed.
NCDOT has been in continuous coordination and discussions with major stakeholders that will be greatly impacted by the closure, including downtown businesses, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston Salem Transit Authority (WSTA), Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation (PART), WS Police and Fire Departments, Visit Winston Salem and Winston Salem Forsyth County Schools (WSFCS), among others. NCDOT will do everything possible to minimize impacts to their operations, including giving them as much lead time as possible to make route changes to emergency vehicles and buses. However, NCDOT cannot ensure that commutes will remain the same due to the nature of the construction. Therefore, commuters (employees and patrons) should allow extra time to reach their destination (see link in Question 10 for a map of available roads). NCDOT will do whatever is needed to make the construction and closure go as smoothly as possible for those that visit as well as work in the downtown area.
NCDOT has been meeting with the various agencies generally involved when an accident occurs, including Police, Fire, EMS, WS/FC Office of Emergency management, among others, to remove/clear accidents quickly. Currently, towing companies work on a rotation, which may not always be “time efficient”. Therefore, NCDOT will most likely contract with one or two towing company(ies) to ensure quick removal of vehicles.
As part of the project, NCDOT and other agencies are working together to develop an Incident Management Plan that will identify how incidents (accidents) are handled during construction. This will include everything from portable signage to coordination with police, fire and towing companies to expedite removal of vehicles involved in an accident. This is a very critical component of the project during the closure of Business 40!
And last but not least, NCDOT made sure that no other roadway projects that could affect this project are scheduled for construction during the Business 40 closure. In other words, there will be no major roadway construction projects going on at the same time as the closure.
Yes. The Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation (PART) is taking the lead on identifying “mitigation” strategies to help lessen the pain during the closure. Mitigation means, “the act of reducing a loss by minimizing the potential impact”. Since 2015, PART has been meeting consistently with NCDOT, the City of Winston Salem, WSTA, and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), to identify and develop strategies that will help minimize congestion, provide alternative routes, and provide convenient, affordable options to driving.
To organize this effort, three subcommittees were formed (Marketing and Communications, Incentives and Operations). All three subcommittees were tasked with identifying, prioritizing and costing strategies in their area of expertise that will be included in a Mitigation Plan for approval and funding by FHWA. Examples of each subcommittees’ strategies are listed below:
- Marketing and Communication
Central Regional Call Center
Hire agency for media buys, design commercials, messaging
Create interactive transit map for real time info.
Dynamic carpool and vanpool rides
GoPass for free ride program to qualified employers
First Mile/Last Mile options
Park and Ride/Shuttle Collection Points
Incident Management Partnerships with Quick Tow Program
Once approved, it is intended that these strategies will be implemented prior to the Business 40 closure.
While various segments of the project will be completed between Fall 2019 and Summer 2020, Business 40 will re-open completely in Summer 2020. Click here to view the timeline of the construction and closure.
The first Segment A, which includes the reconstruction of the Peters Creek Parkway interchange, will remain open during construction to allow traffic to continue using the roadway. Also mentioned earlier in Question 7, the bridges over Business 40 will reopen after they are completed.
After Business 40 reopens in Summer 2020, there may still be some local road improvements being completed; however, impacts will be minimal.